Women and men are similar in that they both walk upright. Both sexes have similar physical appearances; such as eyes, nose, feet and hands, to name a few. Yet there are distinct differences that define a particular gender. One of the differences is the genetic make-up found in the human cell.
GENES: Understanding the exact mechanism that charts how genes determine the sex of an individual is elusive since there are over 20,000 different genes working together to process information in a human cell (1). This incredible number of genes are housed along a total of 23 matched pairs of complimentary DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid double helix) units or chromosomes that are restricted within a cell. They are the building blocks that design your whole-self.
Each one of the trillions of cells that makes-up your-self is the mysterious processing factory for the translation of genetic information into the physical manifestation of the very unique you. The major difference between a woman and a man is found on one of the paired 23 DNA units, the Y chromosome. For women, one of the 23 matching chromosome sets is shown as XX, a homogametic sex. For men, the matching sex chromosome set is XY. These are two distinct heterogametic chromosomes.
The outcome of gender is in the 80 or so genes located on the Y chromosome. The Y genetic make-up initiates a domino effect that begins with the production of testosterone. This initiates a chain reactions where pro-female, pro-male, anti-female, and anti-male genes are alerted to manifest the appropriate sex (2i). It is a concerted dance of genes that are concentrated on the entire set of 23 chromosomes. One genetic unit is the sex chromosome and other 22 chromosomes are named autosomes.
As a result it is safe to suggest that woman and man are created differently.
Elizabeth Armstrong, PhD is an Environmental expert, Speaker, Author, and Educator. Blog: http://www.naturemystic.wordpress.com. Get Your Free Report at: www.jazzyeco.com. Contact Dr. Liz at email@example.com or through facebook at www.facebook.com/drelizabeth.armstrong for your Complimentary Strategy Session to Thrive through 21st Century Challenges.
1 Jessica Profato. 2014. DNA Basics. Online <http://genetics.thetech.org/ask/ask456>
2 Wikipedia. 2014. XY sex-determination system. Online < https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/XY_sex-determination_system>