Considering the earth is around 4.5 billion years old, it was not long ago when women were recognized as major contributors to society, a matriarchal society. Times changed and a patriarchal energy replaced the community structure in Egypt. There need not be a segregation of whether women or men are the major decision makers. A more realistic scenario is when there is a balance of the female and male blessings that create a holistic society model.
It is difficult to realize if a feminine and masculine balanced society existed when humans first colonized the earth. Although, recorded history does reveal where an Egyptian matriarchal society occurred from prehistoric time until about 3000 BC (before Christ) reported Asoka Selvarajah. It was interesting to discover where Isis was considered a composite Goddess and began their agricultural practices. In these matriarchal times, women had authority over their husbands and the ladies went to the market to conduct business.
Around 3000 BC, Egypt was invaded and the feminine based ecosystem began to shift towards a male dominated society. Women’s freedoms were stifled as a wife became dominated by her husband. The kinship of the children shifted from the mother to the father’s descendent ancestral line. By 1570 BC, women were no longer able to choose their own partners as in the past. The shift in gender dominance wafted from the Eastern to the Western countries.
Corrina Laughlin’s 2011 titled “5 Successful Societies Run By Women”, reveals there are cultures in the world where women may hold dominant roles in society. In the Ede villages in Vietnam, women own property that is passed to their daughters and are the ones to propose to the husbands. Chinese, Mosuo women run the household and make the business decisions. The Native American Hopi Indian women hold most of the power and predominantly organize their societies “matrilinerarly”.
Laughlin’s Papua New Guinea Chambri women provide for their families and control many parts of the culture. At the same time there is an equal balance of power among the genders. This sharing the responsibilities based on skill levels may be the best strategy for sustainability.
Pachamama Alliance reports where the Amazon indigenous female dominated culture exists. The women perform the majority of the activities as the men work to protect the dominant gender. These women were a powerful force that prevented big oil from exploiting their forests.
Cynthia Eller’s book, The Mother of Us All: Gentlemen and Amazons: The Myth of Matriachal Prehistory, 1861-1900, revels where social structures in “Germany, Great Britain, and the United States” are already evolving as there may have been primitive matriarchy in existence the 1860s. Perhaps the best strategy may be to establish equality that exists between women and men.
There are strong indicators where matriarchy may be flourishing in the United States. A survey of American businesses revealed information where gender equality improved the corporate environment. The 2013 McKinsey survey reveals companies preformed significantly better when women were represented in executive committees. For example; a 47 percent increase in the return on equity and 55 percent increase in average earnings before interest and tax deductions occurred when women were represented in higher levels of the corporate ladder.
The Fourth Annual State of Women-Owned Business Report brought to light where women are starting 1,288 (net) new businesses per day. This number has doubled the rate from only three years ago. The estimated number of women-owned firms in the United States have reached 9.1 million and generate more than $1.4 trillion in revenue while employing up to 7.9 million people.
The 2011, Women in America: Indicators of Social and Economic Well-Being reported that around three out of the five American adults that live in households are headed by married couples. The dominant share of single-head of households are managed by single women (14 percent) compared to those managed by a single man (6 percent). It is clear that a balance of male and female are working together in head-of-household. At the same time, single women are out performing single men with their ability to manage the household.
The 21st century is a historic time where the matriarchy/feminine social structure may be evolving in the United States. Following the trends over the next century will allow us to understand the demographics and stability of this trend. Ideally, developing a balance between where females and males moving together in harmony may be the best strategy for a sustainable world.
Elizabeth Armstrong, PhD is an author and owner business owner. Book “Align With The Wild”. Blog: naturemystic.wordpress.com. Join the Edible Garden Challenge: facebook.com/ediblegardenchallenge. Receive Jazzy Eco’s Newsletter through her website; http://www.jazzyeco.com.
Devillard, Sandrine, Sandra Sancier, Charlotte Werner, Ina Maller, and Cécile Kossoff. 2013. Gender diversity in top management: Moving corporate culture, moving boundaries. McKinsey&Company. Women Matter Report.
Eller, Cynthia. 2011. The Mother of Us All: Gentlemen and Amazons: The Myth of Matriachal Prehistory, 1861-1900. Women’s Review of Books. University of California Press, Berkeley, California.
Laughlin, Corrina. 2011. 5 Successful Societies Run By Women. Online: <http://utopianist.com/2011/06/5-societies-run-by-women-and-what-we-can-learn-from-them/>
Jarrett, Valerie and Christina Tchen. 2011. Women in America: Indicators of Social and Economic Well-Being. U.S. Department of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration and the Executive Office of the President Office of Management and Budget.
Selvarajah, PhD., Asoka. In Search Of The Feminine Archetype. Online: <http://www.circlesoflight.com/asoka/asoka5.shtml>